Wednesday, September 1, 2010

Making soap - part 1

Today I made my first batch of handmade soap.
A couple of weeks ago I bought two books about soap making:
Soapmaking the natural way: 45 Melt-And-Pour Recipes Using Herbs, Flowers & Essential Oils from Rebecca Ittner

In this book it's about making soap with melt and pour soap - glycerine soap.

Soap maker's workshop from dr. Robert S. and Katherina J. McDaniel
But I wanted to make lye soap first and used a recipe from this book: Basic four-oil soap.

What you need:

Gloves ,protective glasses, a blender, measuring cups, a scale , thermometers, lye, a silicone very flexible mould , butters and oils.
I used some wooden stirrsticks (for the lye) and some spoons for the oils.

214.28 grams coconut oil
71.42 grams olive oil
200 grams soybean oil
171.42 grams palm oil
essental oil
88 grams lye
239 grams water

It's perfect for my 1000 grams soap mould.

First I measured the butters and oils in a cup and heated it in the microwave.

In the meantime I put my gloves on and measured the water and poured the lye in the cup made out of glass. While stirring it you can feel how hot it gets.
After it became translucent I put a thermometer in the cup: 90 degrees!

Now you have to wait untill the temperature is like 50 degrees in both cups and the mixing and blending can begin. I poured the lye solution into the cup with oils and started to blend with the blender. It takes a couple of minutes before you can see the "trace" in the cup while blending and if you see it it's time to pour some essential oil drops in it. I choose orange essential oil, because of the yellow orange color of the soap.
But mixing the oil while it's thickened is hard, the next time I just pour the fragrance before mixing the oils.

Tadaa, the result:

I placed a plastic bag over the top of the mould and covered it with towels to cure.In a couple of days I will take the soap out of the mould and take some new pictures.
It takes 3-6 weeks before you can use the soap; first the lye has to come out.
It's fun making soap, it doenst take long only the cleaning process is less funny. But I will definitely make some more soap in the future !

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